Objectives. To examine the temporal trends in the transgender–cisgender mental health disparity in the United States.

Methods. We used 2014–2021 US Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey data with logistic and ordinary least squares regression to document temporal trends in the transgender–cisgender disparity in self-reports of the number of poor mental health days in the past month and frequent mental distress.

Results. In 2014, cisgender individuals reported a mean average of 3.68 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.65, 3.70) poor mental health days compared with a mean average of 5.42 (95% CI = 4.68, 6.16) poor mental health days among transgender respondents. The size of this disparity adjusted by differences in observable characteristics increased by 2.75 days (95% CI = 0.58, 4.91) over the sample period. In 2014, 11.4% (95% CI = 11.3%, 11.5%) of cisgender adults reported frequent mental distress compared with 18.9% (95% CI = 15.9%, 22%) of transgender adults. By 2021, 14.6% (95% CI = 15.9%, 22%) of cisgender adults and 32.9% (95% CI = 30.7%, 35.1%) of transgender adults reported frequent mental distress.

Conclusions. Policies are needed to address the worsening mental health of transgender and gender-nonconforming people in the United States. (Am J Public Health. 2024;114(5):523–526. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2024.307603)


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Donn Feir PhD, and Samuel Mann PhD Donn Feir is with the Department of Economics, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC. Samuel Mann is with the RAND Corporation, Arlington, VA. “Temporal Trends in Mental Health in the United States by Gender Identity, 2014–2021”, American Journal of Public Health 114, no. 5 (May 1, 2024): pp. 523-526.


PMID: 38422467