1. Siahpush M, Borland R, Yong HH. Sociodemographic and psychosocial correlates of smoking-induced deprivation and its effect on quitting: findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey. Tob Control. 2007;16(2):e2. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
2. Jarvis MJ, Wardle J. Social patterning of individual health behaviours: the case of cigarette smoking. In: , Marmot W, ed. Social Determinants of Health. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; 1999. Google Scholar
3. Barbeau EM, Krieger N, Soobader MJ. Working class matters: socioeconomic disadvantage, race/ethnicity, gender, and smoking in NHIS 2000. Am J Public Health. 2004;94(2):269278. LinkGoogle Scholar
4. Huisman M, Kunst AE, Mackenbach JP. Inequalities in the prevalence of smoking in the European Union: comparing education and income. Prev Med. 2005;40(6):756764. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
5. Siahpush M, Borland R. Socio-demographic variations in smoking status among Australians aged > or = 18: multivariate results from the 1995 National Health Survey. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2001;25(5):438442. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
6. Evandrou M, Glaser K. Changing economic and social roles: the experience of four cohorts of mid-life individuals in Britain, 1985–2000. Popul Trends. 2002;(110):1930. MedlineGoogle Scholar
7. White V, Hill D, Siahpush M, Bobevski I. How has the prevalence of cigarette smoking changed among Australian adults? Trends in smoking prevalence between 1980 and 2001. Tob Control. 2003;12(Suppl 2):ii67ii74. MedlineGoogle Scholar
8. Emery S, Wakefield MA, Terry-McElrath Y, et al.. Televised state-sponsored antitobacco advertising and youth smoking beliefs and behavior in the United States 1999–2000. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005;159:639645. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
9. Siegel M, Biener L. The impact of an antismoking media campaign on progression to established smoking: results of a longitudinal youth study. Am J Public Health. 2000;90(3):380386. LinkGoogle Scholar
10. Hyland A, Wakefield M, Higbee C, Szczypka G, Cummings KM. Anti-tobacco television advertising and indicators of smoking cessation in adults: a cohort study. Health Educ Res. 2006;21(3):348354. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
11. Wakefield M, Durkin S, Spittal MJ, et al.. Impact of tobacco control policies and mass media campaigns on monthly adult smoking prevalence. Am J Public Health. 2008;98(8):14431450. LinkGoogle Scholar
12. National Cancer Institute. The Role of the Media in Promoting and Reducing Tobacco Use. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health; 2008. Tobacco Control Monograph 19. Google Scholar
13. Terry-McElrath Y, Wakefield M, Ruel E, et al.. The effects of anti-smoking advertisement executional characteristics on youth comprehension, appraisal, recall, and engagement. J Health Commun. 2005;10:127143. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
14. Biener L, McCallum-Keeler G, Nyman AL. Adults' response to Massuchusetts anti-tobacco television advertisements: impact of viewer and advertisement characteristics. Tob Control. 2000;9:401407. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
15. Biener L, Ji M, Gilpin EA, Albers AB. The impact of emotional tone, message, and broadcast parameters in youth anti-smoking advertisements. J Health Commun. 2004;9(3):259274. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
16. Biener L, Wakefield M, Shiner CM, Siegel M. How broadcast volume and emotional content affect youth recall of anti-tobacco advertising. Am J Prev Med. 2008;35(1):1419. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
17. Terry-McElrath YM, Wakefield M, Emery S, et al.. State anti-smoking advertising and smoking outcomes by gender and race/ethnicity. Ethn Health. 2007;12(4):339362. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
18. Flynn BS, Worden JK, Bunn JY, Dorwaldt AL, Connolly SW, Ashikaga T. Youth audience segmentation strategies for smoking-prevention mass media campaigns based on message appeal. Health Educ Behav. 2007;34(4):578593. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
19. Wakefield M, Szczypka G, Terry-McElrath Y, et al.. Mixed messages on tobacco: comparative exposure to public health, tobacco company and pharmaceutical company sponsored tobacco-related television campaigns in the United States, 1999–2003. Addiction. 2005;100(12):18751883. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
20. Niederdeppe J, Kuang X, Crock B, Skelton A. Media campaigns to promote smoking cessation among socioeconomically disadvantaged populations: what do we know, what do we need to learn, and what should we do now? Soc Sci Med. 2008;67(9):13431355. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
21. An LC, Schillo BA, Kavanaugh AM, et al.. Increased reach and effectiveness of a statewide tobacco quitline after the addition of access to free nicotine replacement therapy. Tob Control. 2006;15(4):286293. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
22. Owen L. Impact of a telephone helpline for smokers who called during a mass media campaign. Tob Control. 2000;9(2):148154. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
23. Warnecke RB, Langenberg P, Wong SC, Flay BR, Cook TD. The second Chicago televised smoking cessation program: a 24-month follow-up. Am J Public Health. 1992;82(6):835840. LinkGoogle Scholar
24. Macaskill P, Pierce JP, Simpson JM, Lyle DM. Mass media-led antismoking campaign can remove the education gap in quitting behavior. Am J Public Health. 1992;82(1):9698. LinkGoogle Scholar
25. Miller N, Frieden TR, Liu S, et al.. Effectiveness of a large scale distribution programme of free nicotine patches: a prospective evaluation. Lancet. 2005;365:18491854. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
26. Lando HA, Hellerstedt WL, Pirie PL, Fruetel J, Huttner P. Results of a long-term community smoking cessation contest. Am J Health Promot. 1991;5(6):420425. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
27. Levy DT, Mumford EA, Compton C. Tobacco control policies and smoking in a population of low education women, 1992–2002. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2006;60(Suppl 2):2026. MedlineGoogle Scholar
28. Secker-Walker RH, Flynn BS, Solomon LJ, Skelly JM, Dorwaldt AL, Ashikaga T. Helping women quit smoking: results of a community intervention program. Am J Public Health. 2000;90(6):940946. LinkGoogle Scholar
29. Rosenstock IM. The health belief model and preventive health behavior. Health Educ Monogr. 1974;2:354386. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
30. Fishbein M, Ajzen I. Belief, Attitude, Intention and Behavior: An Introduction to Theory and Research. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley; 1975. Google Scholar
31. Ajzen I. The theory of planned behaviour. Organ Behav Hum Decis Process. 1991;50:179211. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
32. Baumeister RF, Vohs KD, DeWall CN, Zhang L. How emotion shapes behavior: feedback, anticipation, and reflection, rather than direct causation. Pers Soc Psychol Rev. 2007;11(2):167203. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
33. Cohen J. Attitude, affect and consumer behavior. In: , Moore BS, Isen AM, eds. Affect and Social Behavior. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press; 1990:152206. Google Scholar
34. Eagly AH, Chaiken S. The Psychology of Attitudes. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich; 1993. Google Scholar
35. Escalas JE, Moore MC, Britton JE. Fishing for feelings? Hooking viewers helps! J Consum Psychol. 2004;14(1-2):105114. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
36. Forgas JP. Mood and judgement: the Affect Infusion Model (AIM). Psychol Bull. 1995;117(1):3966. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
37. Green MC, Brock TC. The role of transportation in the persuasiveness of public narratives. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2000;79(5):701721. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
38. Hinyard LJ, Kreuter MW. Using narrative communication as a tool for health behavior change: a conceptual, theoretical, and empirical overview. Health Educ Behav. 2007;34(5):777792. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
39. Farrelly MC, Niederdeppe J, Yarsevich J. Youth tobacco prevention mass media campaigns: past, present, and future directions. Tob Control. 2003;12(Suppl 1):i35i47. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
40. Wakefield M, Flay B, Nichter M, Giovino G. Effects of anti-smoking advertising on youth smoking: a review. J Health Commun. 2003;8:229247. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
41. Burnkrant RE, Unnava HR. Self-referencing: a strategy for increasing processing of message content. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 1989;15(4):628638. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
42. Dunlop SM, Wakefield M, Kashima Y. Can you feel it? Negative emotion, risk, and narrative in health communication. Media Psychol. 2008;11(1):5275. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
43. Romer D, Jamieson P. The role of perceived risk in starting and stopping smoking. In: , Slovic P, ed. Smoking: Risk, Perception, and Policy. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage; 2001:6480. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
44. Kreuter MW, Green MC, Cappella J, et al.. Narrative communication in cancer prevention and control: a framework to guide research and application. Ann Behav Med. 2007;33(3):221235. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
45. Green MC, Brock TC, Strange JJ. Narrative Impact: Social and Cognitive Foundations. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum; 2002. Google Scholar
46. Boulware LE, Cooper LA, Ratner LE, LaVeist TA, Powe NR. Race and trust in the health care system. Public Health Rep. 2003;118(4):358365. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
47. Peters E, Vastfjall D, Slovic P, Mertz CK, Mazzocco K, Dickert S. Numeracy and decision making. Psychol Sci. 2006;17:407413. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
48. Viswanath K, Breen N, Meissner H, et al.. Cancer knowledge and disparities in the information age. J Health Commun. 2006;11:117. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
49. Scroggins TG, Bartley TK. Enhancing cancer control: assessing cancer knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs in disadvantaged communities. J La State Med Soc. 1999;151(4):202208. MedlineGoogle Scholar
50. Levy DT, Chaloupka F, Gitchell J. The effects of tobacco control policies on smoking rates: a tobacco control scorecard. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2004;10(4):338353. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar
51. Southwell BG, Barmada CH, Hornik RC, Maklan DM. Can we measure encoded exposure? Validation evidence from a national campaign. J Health Commun. 2002;7(5):445453. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar


No related items




Sarah J. Durkin, PhD, Lois Biener, PhD, and Melanie A. Wakefield, PhDSarah J. Durkin and Melanie A. Wakefield are with the Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Australia. Lois Biener is with the Center for Survey Research at the University of Massachusetts, Boston. “Effects of Different Types of Antismoking Ads on Reducing Disparities in Smoking Cessation Among Socioeconomic Subgroups”, American Journal of Public Health 99, no. 12 (December 1, 2009): pp. 2217-2223.

PMID: 19833980